Cut pile refers to when the rug's surface is sheared, revealing the ends of the cut fiber. It can also be of varying lengths and thickness; for instance, Saxony Plush is a cut pile with slightly twisted fibers, resulting in a soft, velvety texture.
High pile carpets, like the shag, have long, loose fibers, while low pile rugs have short, tightly woven threads.
Looped (Berber) style means fibers are not cut at all. The cut and loop, also sometimes called pattern carpets, is as it sounds. The varying cuts and straight loops are used to create patterns and sculpted textures.
Density and twist are two indicators of quality. Density refers to how closely the fibers are tufted together. The rug's label indicates the density number, which should range from 3,000 to 5,000. Twist refers to how many times fiber is turned per one inch, and a good twist number is three or above. Keep in mind that the higher the twist number, the less likely the rug is to fray or unravel.
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